Somalia: Three challenges facing Somali president
A few days ago president Hassan Sheikh of Somalia has appointed a Prime Minister. Three main challenges are facing him. Challenge One is a legacy from his predecessor; challenge two is how how sees powerful local actors, and challenge three is about Joint Financial Management Board
Former Somali president Sharif Shaikh Ahmed promoted men with no military experience. Former Secretary of Defence of the Union of Islamic Courts, Yusuf Indha’ade, was made a general ( Somalia say he was promoted). Another former warlord, Mohamed Rooble Jima’ale (aka Goobaale), who once co-ruled Kismayo until 2006 , is one of Mogadishu-based Somali Army. He is keen to call shots in Marka, sources say. This challenge is linked to another serious challenge about militias absorbed into the army but who man illegal checkpoints in Mogadishu and other liberated towns such as Bal’ad, and Afgoye.
Somali president is facing a challenge about how sees powerful actors such as leaders of Galmudug, Ahu Sunna Wal Jama’a, , Puntland, Somaliland and emerging regional administrations. The international community has consulted Professor Ken Menkhaus of Davidson College. in his latest conflict analysis on Somalia, he advised Somalia’s international partners to help the Somali government if it plays the role of an ‘enabler’. The international community has been dealing with powerful actors whom president Hassan Sheikh may see as a rivals because of their past accomplishments.
Joint Financial Management Board is one of London Somalia Conference initiatives. “The ‘JFMB’ will provide a facility whereby the Somali government and its partners, such as the UK, can demonstrate that the money it is receiving from a variety of sources is being put to public use – transparently and accountably. In particular, that the resources are being used on those things that we all take – or should take – for granted from any government: paying the salaries of public sector workers; paying the salaries of security forces,” wrote Matt Baugh, the Nairobi-based British Ambassador for Somalia. Money from Arab States to former Transitional Federal Government was unaccounted for in the past. The president will have to disclose any money from sources other than the European Union and the United States.